Orange fruit is juicy and very tasty. It consists of rich nutrients, vitamins and minerals which are helpful for growth and development and health fitness.
Orange fruit belongs to the Rutaceae family. Orange fruit belongs to the category of citrus. Scientific name of orange fruit is Citrus sinensis.
Orange tree can be defined as tropical to semitropical. Small flowering tree grows 5 – 8 meters and is evergreen. Tree bears fruits seasonally. Oranges can be of two types. One is sweet and another is bitter. Sweet oranges are generally available fruits. Sweet oranges varieties are blood orange. Persian variety, Valencia and Navel.
Tangerines classified orange fruits groups according to their characteristics such as pericarp and sweet juicy flesh. These are also said as mandarin oranges in the country of Europe and Satsumas in Japan. These oranges also belong to Rutaceae family. Scientific name is Citrus reticulate.Orange fruits belong to the group of citrus. It can also be defines as hesperidium.
Hesperidium means it can be used to explain about structure of the fruit. The fruit can be defined as modified berry consisting tough and leathery rind. Orange peel consists of several oil glands which are present in pits. Inside flesh is consisted of segments which can be called as carpels which are made with fluid containing vesicles. These are really modified hair cells.
Health advantages of oranges
Oranges consists of more nutritional values. This orange fruit contains less caloric values and no saturated fats and low cholesterol and consists of high amounts of dietary fiber,pectin. This efficiently functions in the individuals who have heavy body weight.
Pectin is useful to guard mucous membrane which is present in colon by reducing its disclosure to toxic substances and it stops cancer causing chemicals to penetrate to the mucous membrane of colon. Pectin lessens blood cholesterol by reducing re-absorption by penetrating to bile acids which are present in colon.
Orange fruits contain rich amounts of Vitamin C. 100 grams of oranges consists of 53.2 mg of Vitamin C. Vitamin C acts as strong antioxidant. Eating vitamin C rich oranges are useful to strengthen immunity against infections and against destructive pro-inflammatory free radicals in blood.
Orange fruit consists of wide varieties of phytochemicals such as Naringenin and Hesperetin. These are flavonoids available in citrus fruits. Naringenin acts as antioxidant against to free radicals, strengthen immunity, anti-inflammatory, and Stops oxidant damage of DNA. Orange fruits antioxidants strength can be said as 1819 µmol TE/100 g .
Orange fruit contains rich amounts of Vitamin A and flavonoid antioxidants like alpha and beta-carotene, zeaxanthin, lutein and beta-cryptoxanthin. These elements act as anti oxidants. Vitamin A is useful to keepmucus membranes and skin well and for good eye sight. Regular eating of rich flavonoids orange fruits prevent lung and cavity cancers.
Orange fruits consist of high amounts of B-complex vitamins like pyridoxine, folates and thiamin. Such vitamins play key role in the human beings body functions which should be taken from outside sources. These cannot be synthesized in human beings body.
Orange fruits consist of rich minerals such as calcium and potassium. Potassium is an essential element of cell and fluids of body. Potassium is needed to control blood pressure and heart rate by opposing sodium activity.
Citrus fruits contain rich antioxidants and nutritional values. Citrus fruits consists high amounts of vitamins, nutrients and minerals. These offers many health advantages. Orange fruits also contains non nutrient elements like phytochemical antioxidants, insoluble as well as soluble dietary fiber which are useful to prevent cancers, coronary diseases, obesity, chronic disorders and arthritis.